An important function of puberty is allowing the body to begin production and maturation of sperm cells. This process is spermatogenesis, and it occurs in several areas of the reproductive system. The sperm cells themselves are the male reproductive cell. They contain 23 chromosomes that combine with the 23 chromosomes of the female egg during reproduction. Typically, the sperm cell has four parts. The head contains the nucleus and enzymes for penetrating the female egg. The neck connects the head to the midpiece, which creates the energy the cell uses. Finally, the tail allows the sperm cell to move.
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