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2. Four Lobes

Researchers split the cerebral cortex into four sections: the frontal, parietal, occipital, and temporal lobes. The largest of these is the frontal lobe. It contains the primary motor cortex, which controls voluntary movement. It also contains the majority of the dopamine neurons in the brain, which are part of the reward, attention, planning, motivation, and short-term memory functions. The parietal lobe is responsible for touch sensory inputs, manipulating objects, and understanding numbers. At the back of the brain is the occipital lobe, the visual processing center. The temporal lobe is complex and plays a role in visual and auditory sensory inputs, language recognition, and memory creation.

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