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Brain freeze can occur when someone quickly ingests cold food or drink. Also known as an ice cream headache, brain freeze is experienced by between 5.9 and 74 percent of adults and 38 to 79 percent of children. Some studies show that it's more common in women than in men. Despite how common it is, the exact cause remains unknown. Some people experience the sensation infrequently, while others may have pain every time they eat or drink something cold.

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1. Sphenopalatine Ganglioneuralgia

The technical term for brain freeze is sphenopalatine ganglioneuralgia. The most common cause is eating ice cream. The pain appears a few seconds after rapid ingestion, peaking between 30 and 60 seconds later, and then receding in 10 to 20 seconds more. This stabbing or aching pain is usually located in the midfrontal region of the brain, but can also occur in the temporal region.

ice cream headache AaronAmat / Getty Images
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This site offers information designed for educational purposes only. You should not rely on any information on this site as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment, or as a substitute for, professional counseling care, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any concerns or questions about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other healthcare professional.