Known as the second largest organ in the body after the skin, the liver has over 500 functions, including helping the blood to clot and breaking down damaged cells. Weighing between two and three pounds, it holds about 13 percent on the body’s total blood volume. The liver has the distinction of being both a gland and an organ. As an organ, it can execute chemical actions, and as a gland, it secretes chemicals for other parts of the body to use.
One of the main functions of the liver is to remove toxins from the body including, but not limited to, pollution, fumes, and alcohol. It achieves this through the process of oxidation: together, liver enzymes and oxygen burn toxins. The result is combined with amino acids so the burned toxins can be removed through bile or as urine.
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