Testicular cancer, like any other form of cancer, can become fatal if not properly diagnosed and treated. Advanced forms of testicular cancer can spread to other parts of the body and have potentially fatal complications. Testicular cancer can be difficult to detect in the early stages. This difficulty stems from the similarity of its symptoms to those of other forms of cancer.
Doctors often discover cancer accidentally. While one of the most common symptoms of testicular cancer is a lump on the testicles, that lump could also indicate several other testicular diseases. Another common indicator is swelling in the testicles, which can also be the result of other, less dangerous testicular diseases.
There have been many breakthroughs in new treatments for testicular cancer, with new and more precise surgical methods leading the charge. Scientists are working to refine and improve chemotherapy and immunotherapy to treat testicular cancer. Men should not ignore the symptoms of testicular cancer because the earlier it is discovered, the easier it is to treat.[symptom-checker]The cause of cancer can be difficult to narrow down, but science has some theories about the most common causes of testicular cancer. These include testicles that have not fully descended, HIV, family history of testicular cancer, and ethnicity. Doctors recommend regular screening for testicular cancer for men who meet any of these criteria.
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