Scarlet fever used to be much more dangerous and prevalent in the 1970s. Children often contracted the disease between the ages of five and ten and required quarantine for approximately two weeks. Today, the disease is not as common, but still develops in children from time to time. The same virus that causes strep throat also causes scarlet fever, and it is possible for the former to develop into the latter. One of the most common symptoms of scarlet fever is bright pink spots that usually appear all over the body. Unless treated, the condition can lead to serious medical complications.
Diagnosing scarlet fever is often a process of elimination. For example, the presence of certain symptoms but not others may indicate toxic shock syndrome instead. Medical professionals often thoroughly examine patients suspected of having scarlet fever to avoid prescribing the wrong treatment. Despite many modern advances, people with scarlet fever are still quarantined to this day because the condition is highly contagious. Just a sneeze is enough to infect everyone around an infected individual.
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