Salmonella or salmonellosis is a water and foodborne bacterial infection that affects the intestines. Most people contract salmonella by eating food or drinking water contaminated with fecal matter. Foods that can carry the infection material include seafood, raw meat, and chicken, as well as fruits and vegetables, and raw eggs. The bacteria thrives in both human and animal intestines and can be life-threatening if it spreads to other parts of the body. However, most people recover from salmonella poisoning within a few days.
Most people who contract salmonella have no symptoms. Those that do experience diarrhea, cramps, and a fever for between eight and 72 hours. Sometimes, diarrhea can be extreme enough to cause dehydration that requires hospitalization. However, most symptoms resolve on their own without treatment. Traveling abroad, owning pets such as reptiles, inflammatory bowel disease, and the recent use of antacids or antibiotics may make you more susceptible to salmonella. Washing your hands and avoiding the cross-contamination of foods can prevent the spread of salmonella. It's also best to avoid consuming raw eggs.
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