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Inflammation of your joints causes arthritis. There are different types of arthritis. The two most common types are rheumatoid and osteoarthritis. Symptoms characterizing arthritis are pain and stiffness in a joint. These symptoms typically worsen with age.

Osteoarthritis results in the breakdown of cartilage between the joints that is the sturdy, slippery tissue covering the end of the bones. Cartilage acts as a kind of smooth insulator at the end of the bones, which help to provide a smooth motion between the bone joints.

Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when the body's immune system targets the lining surrounding the joint parts. This lining, or membrane, is called the synovial membrane and the whole configuration is known as the joint capsule. In the early stages, this membrane will become swollen and inflamed. Progression of the disease can eventually result in the destruction of bone and cartilage within the joint.

Arthritis, when it becomes severe can affect your arms, hands, and knees, making it challenging and difficult to perform even simple daily tasks. Any type of weight-bearing activities, such as walking or lifting can be nearly impossible for some. In the most severe of cases, joints may even become twisted and distorted. Some of the risk factors for people with arthritis can include obesity. Excess weight puts extra stress on the joints. Gender — women are more likely to develop arthritis than men. Age — osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and gout all typically increase with age. Family history is also a factor as you may be more likely to develop arthritis if it tends to run in the family. If your parents or siblings have arthritis. Treatments can vary, depending on the type and severity of arthritis that develops. The goal of treatments is to reduce symptoms and improve the overall quality of life.  

Common Symptoms

  • Joint pain
  • Joint stiffness
  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Decreased range of motion

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This site offers information designed for educational purposes only. You should not rely on any information on this site as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment, or as a substitute for, professional counseling care, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any concerns or questions about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other healthcare professional.