2. Salmonellosis

Eating foods, such as meat or milk, that have been infected by the salmonella bacteria causes salmonellosis. Symptoms such as fever and abdominal cramps manifest within a few hours and can last for days. This condition is most serious in children. Salmonellosis can cause colonic ulcers or perforations, resulting in bloody, watery diarrhea. Once diagnosed, treatments include antibiotics and fluids to stem dehydration. Doctors may test stool samples to make sure they are negative, which indicates the bacteria has been eradicated.

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