There are several reasons why a tracheostomy may be necessary, not the least of which are emergency situations. When the airway becomes obstructed, but placement of a breathing tube through the mouth is not an option, it is imperative that air continues to enter the lungs. Tracheostomies in these situations are necessary, as are those in patients with severe trauma to the head or face, or who have inhaled toxic chemicals that have burned the airway.
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