2. Bilateral Dysplasia

The severity of kidney dysplasia varies widely. A baby with severe bilateral dysplasia usually does not survive, and a miscarriage occurs. The pregnancy almost always ends naturally because the baby's kidneys in the womb are part of amniotic fluid production. Amniotic fluid is essential for the developing baby, so the pregnancy cannot continue without a sufficient quantity. If the pregnancy does continue and the baby survives birth, the only options for treatment are dialysis or a kidney transplant.

bilateral Kidney dysplasia alex-mit / Getty Images
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