Kidney failure, medically known as end-stage renal disease (ESRD), denotes the incapacity of an individual's kidneys to meet physical requirements on a daily basis. Those with ESRD have their kidneys functioning below ten percent of the standard rate, which naturally leads to a buildup of various toxins in the body. Kidney failure creates multiple symptoms with some being easily perceptible while others are far more subtle. Individuals living with kidney failure will typically experience several stages of illness before receiving an end-stage renal disease diagnosis. People with end-stage renal disease require dialysis or a kidney transplant to survive. Since it's a dire, life-threatening condition, early detection is critical.  


1. Decreased Urine Output

The primary function of the kidneys is to filter out waste products from the blood and excrete them from the body in urine. During kidney failure, the organs don't adequately remove the waste from the body. As a consequence, there's a decrease in urine production. In some cases, people may develop an inability to urinate at all, signaling a critical portion of end-stage renal disease. Anyone experiencing a decrease in the amount of urine—especially those with a history of kidney disease, should seek medical assistance immediately.



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