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2. The Aortic Valve

The aortic valve is one of four valves in the heart, each of which can become damaged and interrupt the well-oiled machine that is the heart. The aortic valve connects the left ventricle, the last stop for blood moving through the heart, to the aorta, the main artery of the body’s circulatory system. The valve itself has three cusps or leaflets, and these must open and close together for the valve to create a proper seal while pumping the blood. If these cusps are fused or unable to work in harmony, blood can flow from aorta back into the left ventricle.

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