Bunions are bony lumps that grow at the base of the big toe around the joint and form when the biggest toe is pushed against the toe next door, causing its base to protrude at the side of the foot. Bunions can vary in size and severity and do not always require treatment. However, they can become painful and inflamed and cause various complications. Bunions are permanent unless surgically removed.
The most obvious sign of a bunion is a bulging, bony lump at the base of the big toe, which may appear red or inflamed. They often cause pain, which may be constant or might come and go. Some people with bunions get corns or calluses where the big toe pushes against the adjacent toe. If the person also has arthritis, this may restrict movement in the big toe.
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