The eyes are one of the body’s most complex organs. Working together with the brain, they provide our essential sense of sight. Given how important they are to us, proper eye care is vital. Despite our best efforts, however, eye disease such as glaucoma and cataracts can develop, most often in older adults. Rarely, the eyes may also bulge forward—this is proptosis, and common causes include trauma and disease.


1. What is Proptosis?

Proptosis or exophthalmos causes abnormal protrusion of the eyeball—that is, the eyes appear to bulge out of the eye socket; depending on the cause, the condition can affect one or both eyes. Instead of being a disorder on its own, proptosis is often a manifestation of another disease. Rarely, the symptom leads to long-term vision problems such as double vision and other complications may also develop over time.

what is proptosis

Maxrale / Getty Images



This site offers information designed for educational purposes only. You should not rely on any information on this site as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment, or as a substitute for, professional counseling care, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any concerns or questions about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other healthcare professional.