According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, 90 percent of chemical eye burns are accidental that could have been avoided if the victim took the proper precautions. Some chemicals cause eye irritation, while others lead to serious damage and loss of sight. Doctors recommend treating any chemical injury to the eye as an emergency. There are three types of chemical eye burns: alkali burns, acid burns, and irritants.


1. How the Eye Protects Itself

The eyes are complex organs. They judge distance, perceive depth, and tell us the size, shape, and color of objects around us. The eyes also have a built-in system to prevent harm to themselves. Although the eyelids are the thinnest tissues in the human body, they protect the vulnerable parts of the eyes, rapidly closing to prevent foreign bodies from entering the eye. The eyelashes work with the eyelids and serve as an additional physical barrier to prevent eye injury. Unfortunately, some foreign substances, like chemicals, still manage to come into contact with the eyes.

how do chemical eye burns happen

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