Soil-transmitted helminth infections are the most prevalent infections globally. Transmitted by eggs in human feces that contaminate the soil in areas with poor sanitation, they include roundworm, hookworm, and whipworm. Soil-transmitted helminth infections cause nutritional problems, diarrhea and abdominal pain, general malaise and weakness, and impaired physical development and growth in children. In 2001, the World Health Assembly began encouraging endemic countries to help control the infection by periodically treating at-risk individuals.
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