Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease caused by the Leishmania parasite. Bites from infected phlebotomine sand flies transmit the disease. The condition itself presents in different ways, but the most common are cutaneous leishmaniasis and visceral leishmaniasis. Fortunately, leishmaniasis is both treatable and curable.


1. What Are the Different Forms of Leishmaniasis?

There are two main types of leishmaniasis: cutaneous leishmaniasis and visceral leishmaniasis. In cutaneous leishmaniasis, the parasite affects the skin; visceral leishmaniasis results in infection of the internal organs. In some cases, cutaneous leishmaniasis can also progress to involve the mucocutaneous tissues, which leads to a third form of the disease: mucocutaneous leishmaniasis.

cutaneous leishmaniasis

designer491 / Getty Images



This site offers information designed for educational purposes only. You should not rely on any information on this site as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment, or as a substitute for, professional counseling care, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any concerns or questions about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other healthcare professional.