Mosquitos aren’t just an irritating buzz in your ear – if you’re one of the millions who react to mosquito bites, they’re an irritation to your skin, as well. Mosquitos also are carriers of several communicable diseases in humans, notably Malaria, West Nile Virus, and the Zika Virus. Other mosquito-borne infections include yellow fever, malaria and some types of brain infection (encephalitis). The elderly, children, pregnant women, and those with compromised immune systems should take special care to avoid and repel mosquitos to reduce bites. Mosquitos typically live in warm areas – places with standing water are perfect breeding grounds for the insects. They’re most active at dawn and dusk, so use caution.

1. Who is at Risk for Mosquito Bites?

Mosquitos are extremely common in just about every area of the country. Regions with many lakes, rivers, and streams have an exceptionally high population of mosquitos, as they lay eggs in standing water. Some people have a scent that is more attractive to the bugs than others – eating a lot of fruit, for example, is thought to increase their attraction to you. While anyone may have a slight allergic reaction to a mosquito bite, others are more likely so see painful conditions. More-severe reactions may be experienced by children, adults not previously exposed to the type of mosquito that bit them, and people with immune system disorders. Those in the higher risk categories should use precautions when outside.

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